Grading Techniques & Tul

Taekwon-Do Syllabus


Each grade follows syllabus with requirements to progress. Learning the Korean terms for Taekwon-Do techniques is important. Not only since it helps us to better understand the exact application of techniques, but also so that Taekwon-doists from around the world can collect and train together unified and under one language of instruction. The name of the pattern, the number of movements, and the diagrammatic symbol of each pattern symbolizes either heroic figures in Korean history or instances relating to historical events.

Choose a grade:

10th Kup

White Belt

9th Kup

Yellow Stripe

8th Kup

Yellow Belt

7th Kup

Green Stripe

6th Kup

Green Belt

5th Kup

Blue Stripe

4th Kup

Blue Belt

3rd Kup

Red Stripe

2nd Kup

Red Belt

1st Kup

Black Stripe

Saju-Jirugi / Saju-Makgi

10th Kup - White Belt
14 movements / 16 movements

Walking stance forearm low block Gunnun so palmok najunde makgi
Walking stance middle front punch Gunnun so kaunde ap jirugi
Walking stance knife hand low block Gunnun so sonkal najunde makgi
Walking stance inner forearm middle side block Gunnun so an palmok kaunde makgi
Front kick Ap chagi
Four directional block/punch/kick Saju makgi/jirugi/chagi

천지 Chon-Ji

9th Kup - Yellow Stripe
19 movements
Chon-Ji means literally " the Heaven the Earth". It is, in the Orient, interpreted as the creation of the world or the beginning of human history, therefore, it is the initial pattern played by the beginner. This pattern consists of two similar parts; one to represent the Heaven and the other the Earth.

L stance inner forearm middle block Niunja so an palmok kaunde makgi
L stance knife hand guarding block Niunja so sonkal daebi makgi
L stance forearm guarding block Niunja so palmok daebi makgi
Side kick Yop chagi
3 step sparring Sambo matsogi

단군 Dan-Gun

8th Kup - Yellow Belt
21 movements
Dan-Gun is named after the holy Dan-Gun, the legendary founder of Korea in the year of 2,333 B.C.

Walking stance high front punch Gunnun so nopunde ap jirugi
L stance twin forearm block Niunja so sang palmok makgi
Walking stance forearm rising block Gunnun so palmok chukyo makgi
L stance middle knife hand side strike Niunja so kaunde sonkal yop taerigi
Turning kick Dollyo chagi

도산 Do-San

7th Kup - Green Stripe
24 movements
Do-San is a pseudonym of the patriot Ahn Chang-ho (1876-1938). The 24 movements represent his entire life, which he devoted to furthering education in Korea and the Korean independence movement.

Walking stance outer forearm high side block Gunnun so bakat palmok nopunde yop makgi
Walking stance middle reverse punch Gunnun so kaunde bandae jirugi
Walking stance straight fingertip thrust Gunnun so ap sonkut tulgi
Walking stance back fist high side strike Gunnun so dung joomuk nopunde yop taerigi
Sitting stance knife hand side strike Annun so sonkal yop taerigi
Back kick Dwit chagi

원효 Won-Hyo

6th Kup - Green Belt
28 movements
It is named after the noted monk who introduced Buddhism to the Silla Dynasty in the year 686 AD.

L stance knife hand high inward strike Annun so sonkal kaunde anuro taerigi
Fixed stance middle punch Gojung so kaunde jirugi
Walking stance inner forearm circular block Gunnun so an palmok dollimyo makgi
Hooking kick Golcho chagi
One step sparring Ilbo matsogi

율곡 Yul-Gok

5th Kup - Blue Stripe
38 movements
Yul-Gok is a pseudonym of a great philosopher and scholar Yi I (1536-1584) nicknamed the "Confucius of Korea". The 38 movements of this pattern refer to his birthplace on 38-degrees latitude and the diagram of the pattern represents scholar.

Sitting stance middle punch Annun so kaunde jirugi
Walking stance palm obverse hooking block Gunnun so sonbadak golcho makgi
Walking stance palm reverse hooking block Gunnun so sonbadak bandae golcho makgi
Walking stance front elbow strike Gunnun so ap palkup tulgi
L stance twin knife hand block Niunja so sang sonkal makgi
X stance back fist high side strike Kyocha so dung joomuk nopunde jirugi
Walking stance double forearm high block Gunnun so doo palmok nopunde makgi
Reverse turning kick Bandae dollyo chagi

중근 Joong-Gun

4th Kup - Blue Belt
32 movements
Joong-Gun is named after the patriot Ahn Joong-Gun who assassinated Hirobumi Itō, the first Japanese governor-general of Korea, known as the man who played the leading part in the Korea-Japan merger. There are 32 movements in this pattern to represent Mr Ahn's age when he was executed at Lui-Shung Prison in 1910.

L stance reverse knife hand outward block Niunja so sonkal dung bakuro makgi
Rear foot stance palm upward block Dwitbal so sonbadak ollyo makgi
Walking stance upper elbow strike Gunnun so wipalgup taerigi
Walking stance twin fist high vertical punch Gunnun so sang joomuk sewo jirugi
Walking stance twin fist upset punch Gunnun so sang joomuk dwijibo jirugi
Walking stance X fist rising block Gunnun so Kyocha joomuk chukyo makgi
Low stance palm pressing block Gojung so mongdungi makgi
Closed stance angle punch Moa so giokja jirugi
Crescent Kick Bandal chagi
Two step sparring Ibo matsogi

퇴계 Toi-Gye

3rd Kup - Red Stripe
37 movements
Toi-Gye is the pen name of the noted scholar Yi Hwang (16 century AD), an authority on neo-Confucianism. The 37 movements of the pattern refer to his birthplace on 37-degree latitude, the pattern diagram represents "scholar".

Walking stance upset fingertip low thrust Gunnun so dwijibum sonkut najunde tulgi
Close stance back fist side back strike Mao so dung joomuk yopdwi taerigi
Walking Stance X fist pressing block Gunnun so kyocha joomuk noolio makgi
Sitting stance outer forearm W-shape block Annun so bakat palmok san makgi
Walking stance flat fingertip high thrust Gunnun so opun sonkut nopunde tulgi
L stance double forearm low pushing block Niunja so doo palmok najunde miro makgi
L stance back fist high strike Niunja so dung joomuk nopunde taerigi
X stance X fist pressing block Kyocha so kyocha joomuk noolio makgi
L stance knife hand low guarding block Niunja so sonkal najunde daebi makgi
Jumping back kick Twigi dwit chagi

화랑 Hwa-Rang

2nd Kup - Red Belt
38 movements
Hwa-Rang is named after the Hwa-Rang youth group, which originated in the Silla Dynasty in the early 7th century. The 29 movements refer to the 29th Infantry Division, where Taekwon-Do developed into maturity.

Sitting stance palm pushing block Annun so sonbadak miro makgi
L stance upward punch Niunja so ollyo jirugi
Vertical stance knife hand downward strike Soojik so sonkal naeryo taerigi
L stance obverse punch Niunja so baro jirugi
L stance side elbow thrust Niunja so yop palkup tulgi
Close stance inner forearm middle side front block Moa so an palmok kaunde yopap makgi
Jumping reverse turning kick Twigi bandae dollyo chagi
Free sparring Jayu Matsogi

충무 Choong-Moo

1st Kup - Black Stripe
30 movements
Choong-Moo was the name given to the great Admiral Yi Sun-sin of the Yi Dynasty. He was reputed to have invented the first armoured battleship (Kobukson) in 1592, which is said to be the precursor the present day submarine. The reason this pattern ends with a left hand attack is to symbolise his regrettable death having no chance to show his unrestrained potentiality checked by the forced reservation of his loyalty to the King.

Walking stance knife hand front strike Gunnun so sonkal nopunde ap taerigi
L stance forearm low block Niunja so palmok najunde makgi
Walking stance reverse knife hand high front strike Gunnun so son dung nopunde ap taerigi
Sitting stance forearm middle front block Annun so dung joomuk nopunde yop taerigi
L stance X knife hand checking middle side block Niunja so kyocha sonkal kaunde yop makgi
Walking stance both palms upward block Gunnun so doo sonbadak ollyo makgi
Flying kick Twimyo chagi